Periodontology is a branch of dentistry that deals with the structure and tissues supporting the teeth, as well as the diseases and conditions that affect them.

Diseases addressed by periodontology

Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums. At this stage, discomfort is usually mild or nonexistent. Factors contributing to the development of this disease include diabetes, smoking, aging, genetic predisposition, systemic diseases and conditions, inadequate nutrition, puberty, hormonal changes, pregnancy, drug abuse, HIV infection, and the use of certain medications.

Parodontologija je grana stomatologije koja se bavi strukturom i tkivima koji podupiru zube, kao i bolestima i stanjima koje ih pogađaju.

If gingivitis is not adequately treated, it can develop into periodontitis. Over time, plaque can spread below the gum line. Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums and stimulate chronic inflammation. The gums separate from the teeth, creating pockets where infections occur. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and destroy more and more tissue. This destructive process often has very mild symptoms and over time teeth can become loose and may need to be extracted.

How do you know if you have a problem with your periodontium?

If you recognize any of the following symptoms, it would be advisable to visit a dentist to make a timely diagnosis. What patients commonly refer to as “gum” is in reality a much broader concept and includes the supporting tissues that surround the tooth and cover the tooth ridges. In professional terminology, these tissues are collectively called the periodontium, and the diseases that affect them are called periodontal diseases (commonly periodontosis, periodontitis).

  • Do your gums bleed?
  • Do you have problems with bad breath?
  • Is your gum line receding?

Treatment of the periodontium is a completely painless therapy, and at the MB Dent Dental Clinic, your therapy is taken care of by highly educated specialists with world references!

Are you a candidate for periodontal therapy?

Candidates for periodontal therapy are everyone because we all have gums and need to take care of them! Regular cleaning of tartar and polishing of teeth every 6 to 10 months is necessary for every person. In this way, the patient can be informed in time about oral hygiene and changes in the gums. Also, it is possible to react in time while the changes are still minimal and have not caused major damage. Of course, it’s never too late to start taking care of periodontal health! Periodontal measurements and diagnostics can determine who are candidates for major procedures such as closed subgingival root cleaning or microsurgical procedures.

What are periodontal treatment techniques?

Nonsurgical periodontal treatment

Scaling and root planing are professional cleaning procedures of the root surface to remove plaque and dental tartar from deep periodontal pockets and polishing the tooth root to remove bacterial toxins.

Soft tissue surgical procedures

Soft tissue grafting in the oral cavity is performed to increase the amount of soft tissue in certain areas for the purpose of preventing further gum recession, covering exposed roots, stopping hypersensitivity in the affected area, improving the appearance of the teeth, and preventing future problems.

Gingivectomy and Gingivoplasty

Gingivectomy is a treatment that surgically removes inflamed and excessive gum tissue and bacteria that can cause periodontosis, and gingivoplasty is the surgical reshaping of gum tissue and is often performed in combination with gingivectomy for cosmetic and functional purposes.

Periodontal plastic surgery

Do you have very visible gums when you smile or speak? The so-called “gummy smile” represents an aesthetic problem that is solved with modern periodontal intervention – extending the clinical crown of the tooth. Based on detailed radiological images and clinical analyses, excess gums are removed, and crowns are adjusted using ceramic veneers.

In some cases, gum recession can cause root exposure, making teeth appear elongated and making you look older than you are. Such recession occurs due to various causes, including periodontal disease. Surgical procedures for gum replacement are designed to cover the exposed root, prevent further gum recession, and protect the vulnerable root from decay.


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For any additional information, follow the blogs of the MB Dent clinic. If you would like more information from Dr. Matko Božić and his team, write to us at info@mbdent.com, WhatsApp 095 3634 337, or call us on the phone number 01 35 35 435 or mobile 095 3634 337.

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